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Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening


ISSN (Print): 1386-2073
ISSN (Online): 1875-5402

Research Article

Protective Effects of Astragalus Membranaceus and Ligustrazine on Rat Brain Microvascular Endothelial Cell Injury after Oxygen-Glucose Deprivation/ Reoxygenation by Suppressing the PKCδ/MARCKS Pathway

Author(s): Xialin Tang, Huajun Wang, Huihuan Chen, Shuangxi Sun, Hongxia Chen and Ruihuan Pan*

Volume 24, Issue 7, 2021

Published on: 18 August, 2020

Page: [947 - 956] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1386207323999200818170415

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Aim and Objective: Cell death is a main pathological change in brain ischemia. Astragalus membranaceus (Ast) and ligustrazine (Lig), as traditional Chinese herbs, have a protective effect against ischemia-reperfusion injury. We aim to find whether the underlying protective mechanism of Astragalus membranaceus and ligustrazine against Oxygen–glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) -induced injury in RBMECs is related to PKCδ/MARCKS pathway.

Materials and Methods: OGD/R preconditioning was instituted in rat brain microvascular endothelial cells (RBMECs). The survival and apoptosis of RBMECs were detected by a Cell Counting Kit-8 and TUNEL staining; PKCδ/MARCKS and MMP9 expression were examined by immunofluorescence, western blot and quantitative real-time PCR.

Results: OGD/R stimulation significantly increased RBMEC apoptosis, whereas Ast+Lig, Rottlerin or Ast+Lig+Rottlerin treatment evidently reduced cellular apoptosis and increased cell viability (P <0.05). Furthermore, Ast+Lig, Rottlerin or Ast+Lig+Rottlerin treatment significantly reduced mRNA expression levels of PKCδ/MARCKS and MMP9 (P <0.05), compared to OGD/R control group. Moreover, Ast+Lig, Rottlerin or Ast+Lig+Rottlerin treatment evidently reduced protein expression levels of PKCδ, MMP9, and MARCKS (P <0.05), compared to OGD/R control group, detected by western blotting or immunofluorescence.

Conclusion: The administration of Astragalus membranaceus and ligustrazine protected RBMECs against OGD/R-induced apoptosis. PKCδ/MARCKS and MMP9 expression were significantly increased after OGD/R stimulation, while Astragalus membranaceus and ligustrazine treatment evidently suppressed. Collectively, Astragalus membranaceus and ligustrazine play protective effects against OGD/R-induced injury in RBMECs through regulating PKCδ/MARCKS pathway to inhibit MMP9 activation.

Keywords: Astragalus membranaceus, injury, ligustrazine, oxygen–glucose deprivation/reoxygenation, PKC δ/MARCKS, rat brain microvascular endothelial cell.

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