Introduction: The aim of securing energy routing protocol was to provide the countermeasures to the attacks, particularly to the black hole in a mobile ad-hoc network, and enhancing the network performance metric throughput, also reducing the end-to-end delay between the nodes in the network. To build the protocol that enhances the performance of the network by modifying the existing DSR protocol and by introducing a new route discovery mechanism in the proposed protocol.
Methods: The proposed protocol implementation has two phases, route request/reply phase and route confirm phases. During the route discovery process, the route discovery from the source to the destination process is described by sending the RREQ packet from the source hub, as shown in Fig. 1(a), when it does not have one accessible and cravings a route to a destination. The source node transmits the RREQ to its associate nodes and the destination node reply with RREP. When the source receives a reply message, the source node responds with a reverse path with a confirm RCON message and providing security to the nodes in the network.
Results: To verify the performance of the proposed protocol against the existing DSR protocol are compared with respect to various network metrics like end-to-end delay and packet delivery ratio and validated the result by comparing both routing algorithm using Network Simulator 2.
Conclusion: The results of the proposed SERP strongly safeguard against the attacks in the network, and the packet delivery ratio is increased compared with the DSR; also, the end-to-end delay is reduced in the proposed protocol.
Discussion: Mobile ad-hoc networks are being dynamic in nature; it associates with issues related to secure routing, energy and are generally vulnerable to several types of attacks. The DSR is one of the widely used reactive protocols available for the mobile ad-hoc network and the proposed work enhancing the security of the network in the existing pro.
Keywords: Attacks, black hole, dynamic source routing, energy, mobile ad-hoc network, security.