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Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry

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ISSN (Print): 1389-5575
ISSN (Online): 1875-5607

Mini-Review Article

Diversified Synthetic Pathway of 1, 4-Dihydropyridines: A Class of Pharmacologically Important Molecules

Author(s): Shubham Khot, Pratibha B. Auti* and Samrat A. Khedkar

Volume 21, Issue 2, 2021

Published on: 07 August, 2020

Page: [135 - 149] Pages: 15

DOI: 10.2174/1389557520666200807130215

Price: $65

Abstract

The current review discusses the different synthetic pathways for one of the most important and interesting heterocyclic ring systems, 1,4-dihydropyridine. This cyclic system depicts diverse pharmacological action on several receptors, channels, and enzymes. Dihydropyridine moiety plays an important role in several calcium-channel blockers. Moreover, it has been exploited for the treatment of a variety of cardiovascular diseases due to its potential antihypertensive, anti-angina, vasodilator, and cardiac depressant activities. Furthermore, it also shows antibacterial, anticancer, anti-leishmanial, anticoagulant, anticonvulsant, anti-tubercular, antioxidant, antiulcer, and neuroprotective properties. Several reports have demonstrated dihydropyridine derivatives as a potentiator of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein, potent antimalarial agent and HIV-1 protease inhibitor. Herein, we have briefly reviewed different novel chemistry and the synthesis of 1,4-dihydropyridine.

Keywords: Dihydropyridine, anticancer, anti-tubercular, ionizing radiation, anti-leishmanial, HIV-1.

Graphical Abstract
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