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Current Pharmaceutical Analysis

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ISSN (Print): 1573-4129
ISSN (Online): 1875-676X

Research Article

Simultaneous Determination of D-amino Acids in Rat Urine by Highperformance Liquid Chromatography-tandem Mass Spectrometry Method: Application to Investigate the Clinical Value of D-amino Acids in the Early Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease

Author(s): Min Zhang, Shuting Zhang, Weichao Yu, Xiaoyan Li, Ning Ma and Yan Cui*

Volume 17, Issue 8, 2021

Published on: 17 July, 2020

Page: [1026 - 1035] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1573412916999200717235048

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: D-amino acids are closely related to the development and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and are expected as the novel biomarkers for AD diagnosis.

Objective: The aim was to investigate the potential clinical value of D-amino acids for Alzheimer's disease.

Methods: A simple and sensitive HPLC/MS-MS method was developed for the simultaneous determination of D-alanine, D-glutamine, D-proline and D-serine in rat urine. The samples were firstly pretreated by methanol, then derivatized by 7-chloro-4-nitrobenzoxadiazole with Fudosteine as internal standard, enantioseparated on Sumichiral OA-2500S column, using a mobile phase composed of acetonitrile- methanol (50:50, v/v) containing 0.5% formic acid, and detected with 4000 Qtrap MS/MS in electrospray-ionization source by negative ion mode.

Results: The established method was successfully applied to determine the D-amino acid levels in rat urine from 20 Alzheimer's disease rats and 20 age-matched normal controls. The mean levels of Damino acids in the urine of Alzheimer's disease rats were all significantly lower than those in normal controls. Based on the contents of D-amino acids, the distinction model between Alzheimer's disease rats and normal controls was established by the Bayesian discriminant analysis.

Conclusion: The relationship between Alzheimer's disease and D-amino acids revealed that D-amino acids would be potential biomarkers for Alzheimer’s disease.

Keywords: D-amino acids, Alzheimer's disease, biomarkers, HPLC/MS-MS, simultaneous determination, enantioseparation.

Graphical Abstract
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