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ISSN (Print): 2666-7967
ISSN (Online): 2666-7975

Review Article

Symptoms, Transmission, Prevention and Treatment of Pandemic Corona Virus: A Review

Author(s): Tinsae Kebede, Dharmendra Kumar* and Pramod Kumar Sharma

Volume 2 , Issue 2 , 2021

Published on: 13 July, 2020

Page: [151 - 158] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/2666796701999200713191436


Coronaviruses belong to the largest group of viruses that elicit acute respiratory, enteric and systemic infections in an extensive range of hosts. A few coronaviruses from animals can progress into a new human coronavirus that can spread from person to person. On February 12, 2020, WHO officially termed the disease as Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and declared it a pandemic on March 11, 2020. COVID-19 is a newly emerging viral disease that has an effect on the lower respiratory tract and shows as pneumonia. Despite laborious efforts for worldwide lockdown and quarantine, the occurrence of COVID-19 continues to increase. Proper and well-designed strategies are needed to reduce social and economic consequences arisen due to this pandemic disease. Presently, there is no effective specific vaccine and anti-viral drug supported by great-level confirmation, but dexamethasone is approved in the UK for treatment of critically ill COVID-19 patients (patients on ventilators and patients requiring only oxygen) on June 16, 2020. Further research is required to clarify the factors that affect virus pathogenesis and lethal infections.

Keywords: COVID-19, Coronaviruses, diagnostics, vaccines, pandemic, infection.

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