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Current Pharmaceutical Design

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

General Review Article

Current Status and Emerging Trend of Nanoshuttle in Biological Applications

Author(s): Pravin Shende* and Pragya Sharma

Volume 27 , Issue 1 , 2021

Published on: 13 July, 2020

Page: [105 - 114] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1381612826666200713170356

Price: $65

Abstract

Nanoshuttles are unique structures that resemble double-headed arrows or a nanorod with sharp tips for better penetration into the tumor cells, reduction of toxicity and minimization of off-targeting effect. These biologically- inspired multimetallic or bimetallic nano swimmers are capable of transporting cargoes from one end to another via self-propulsion in an efficient manner. Encapsulation with pH- and heat-sensitive polymers allows nanoshuttles to release cargos at the targeted site in a controlled fashion. This review article focuses on the methods of preparation and characterization of nanoshuttles with applications in the field of antineoplastic, antibacterial, erectile dysfunction, electrochemical biosensing, anticounterfeiting, on-demand and targeted delivery system for imaging as well as cell ablation therapy. Magnetic nanoshuttles exhibit modified optical properties for utilization in diagnostic imaging for sensitive and early diagnosis of diseases. Smart drug delivery is achieved when nanoshuttles are combined with nanomotors to exhibit distinctive, rapid and unidirectional movement in the bloodstream. Cost-effective synthesis of nanoshuttles will extend their applications in the commercial sectors by overcoming the limitations like scale-up and regulatory approval. In the near future, nanoshuttles will diversify in the fields of energy conversion, energy storage, 3D printing, stem cell fabrication and theranostics.

Keywords: Nanoshuttles, superparamagnetic, optical properties, nanomotor, Smart drug delivery, energy conversion.

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