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Current Pharmaceutical Design

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

Review Article

Phytosterols: Targeting Neuroinflammation in Neurodegeneration

Author(s): Raju Dash, Sarmistha Mitra, Md. Chayan Ali, Diyah Fatimah Oktaviani, Md. Abdul Hannan, Sung Min Choi and Il Soo Moon*

Volume 27, Issue 3, 2021

Published on: 27 June, 2020

Page: [383 - 401] Pages: 19

DOI: 10.2174/1381612826666200628022812

Price: $65

Abstract

Plant-derived sterols, phytosterols, are well known for their cholesterol-lowering activity in serum and their anti-inflammatory activities. Recently, phytosterols have received considerable attention due to their beneficial effects on various non-communicable diseases, and recommended use as daily dietary components. The signaling pathways mediated in the brain by phytosterols have been evaluated, but little is known about their effects on neuroinflammation, and no clinical studies have been undertaken on phytosterols of interest. In this review, we discuss the beneficial roles of phytosterols, including their attenuating effects on inflammation, blood cholesterol levels, and hallmarks of the disease, and their regulatory effects on neuroinflammatory disease pathways. Despite recent advancements made in phytosterol pharmacology, some critical questions remain unanswered. Therefore, we have tried to highlight the potential of phytosterols as viable therapeutics against neuroinflammation and to direct future research with respect to clinical applications.

Keywords: Phytosterols, neuroinflammation, neurodegeneration, neuroprotection, anti-inflammatory, pharmacology.

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