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Current Pharmaceutical Design


ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

Review Article

3D Printing in Modern Cardiology

Author(s): Simona Celi*, Emanuele Gasparotti, Katia Capellini, Emanuele Vignali, Benigno M. Fanni, Lamia A. Ali, Massimiliano Cantinotti, Michele Murzi, Sergio Berti, Giuseppe Santoro and Vincenzo Positano

Volume 27, Issue 16, 2021

Published on: 22 June, 2020

Page: [1918 - 1930] Pages: 13

DOI: 10.2174/1381612826666200622132440

Price: $65


Background: 3D printing represents an emerging technology in the field of cardiovascular medicine. 3D printing can help to perform a better analysis of complex anatomies to optimize intervention planning.

Methods: A systematic review was performed to illustrate the 3D printing technology and to describe the workflow to obtain 3D printed models from patient-specific images. Examples from our laboratory of the benefit of 3D printing in planning interventions were also reported.

Results: 3D printing technique is reliable when applied to high-quality 3D image data (CTA, CMR, 3D echography), but it still needs the involvement of expert operators for image segmentation and mesh refinement. 3D printed models could be useful in interventional planning, although prospective studies with comprehensive and clinically meaningful endpoints are required to demonstrate the clinical utility.

Conclusion: 3D printing can be used to improve anatomy understanding and surgical planning.

Keywords: 3D printing, cardiology, congenital heart disease, structural heart disease, virtual model.

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