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Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 1568-0266
ISSN (Online): 1873-4294

Review Article

Phosphodiesterase as a Target for Cognition Enhancement in Schizophrenia

Author(s): Mayasah Y. Al-Nema and Anand Gaurav*

Volume 20 , Issue 26 , 2020

Page: [2404 - 2421] Pages: 18

DOI: 10.2174/1568026620666200613202641

Price: $65


Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that affects more than 1% of the population worldwide. Dopamine system dysfunction and alterations in glutamatergic neurotransmission are strongly implicated in the aetiology of schizophrenia. To date, antipsychotic drugs are the only available treatment for the symptoms of schizophrenia. These medications, which act as D2-receptor antagonist, adequately address the positive symptoms of the disease, but they fail to improve the negative symptoms and cognitive impairment. In schizophrenia, cognitive impairment is a core feature of the disorder. Therefore, the treatment of cognitive impairment and the other symptoms related to schizophrenia remains a significant unmet medical need. Currently, phosphodiesterases (PDEs) are considered the best drug target for the treatment of schizophrenia since many PDE subfamilies are abundant in the brain regions that are relevant to cognition. Thus, this review aims to illustrate the mechanism of PDEs in treating the symptoms of schizophrenia and summarises the encouraging results of PDE inhibitors as anti-schizophrenic drugs in preclinical and clinical studies.

Keywords: Schizophrenia, Dopamine system dysfunction, Glutamatergic neurotransmission, Antipsychotic drugs, Cognitive impairment, Phosphodiesterases.

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