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Current Pharmaceutical Analysis


ISSN (Print): 1573-4129
ISSN (Online): 1875-676X

Research Article

Smart Multivariate Spectrophotometric Assisted Techniques for Simultaneous Determination of Ephedrine Hydrochloride and Naphazoline Nitrate in the Presence of Interfering Parabens

Author(s): Basma M. Eltanany, Aya A. Mouhamed*, Nesrine T. Lamie* and Nadia M. Mostafa

Volume 17, Issue 8, 2021

Published on: 24 May, 2020

Page: [1104 - 1112] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/1573412916999200525011749

Price: $65


Background: PARTIAL Least Squares (PLS) and Principal Component Regression (PCR) are two well-known chemometric methods based on dimension reduction techniques. They can be very practical analyzing a large data set of multiple correlated predictor variables.

Objective: In the presented work, the resolving power of spectrophotometric assisted mathematical techniques was implemented for the simultaneous determination of two active ingredients; Ephedrine Hydrochloride (EPH) and naphazoline nitrate (NAPH), in a matrix of excipients.

Methods: To build the PLS and PCR models, a calibration set was prepared where the two drugs, in combination with the interfering parabens, were modeled by multilevel multifactor design. The proposed models successfully predicted the concentrations of both drugs in validation samples with low Root Mean Squared Error of Prediction (RMSEP).

Results: The results revealed the ability of the mentioned multivariate calibration models to analyze EPH and NAPH in the presence of the interfering parabens with high selectivity in the concentration ranges of 4.00-20.00 μg mL-1 and 1.00-9.00 μg mL-1, respectively.

Conclusion: A commercially available nasal spray was successfully analyzed using the developed methods without interfering with other dosage form additives.

Keywords: PCR, PLS, multivariate calibration, ephedrine hydrochloride, naphazoline nitrate, excipients.

Graphical Abstract
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