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Current Nanoscience


ISSN (Print): 1573-4137
ISSN (Online): 1875-6786

Research Article

Syngonium podophyllum Leaf Extract Mediated Synthesis and Characterization of Gold Nanoparticles for Biosensing Potential: A Sustainable Approach

Author(s): Saumya Srivastava and Anjana Pandey*

Volume 17, Issue 1, 2021

Published on: 07 May, 2020

Page: [81 - 89] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/1573413716999200507125437


Background: The existing methods of analyte detection by various biochemical processes have certain drawbacks including nonlinearity and detection limits. The nanotechnology has paved a way for the development of new devices i.e., nano-biosensors, by amalgamation of nanoparticles with recognition elements. These nano-biosensors have the capabilities to overcome the drawbacks of conventional methods.

Objectives: Present study was planned to analyze the biosensing potential of indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode modified with gold nanoparticles synthesized using aqueous extract of S. podophyllum.

Methods: In present study, first time rapid green synthesis of gold nanoparticles from leaf extract of Syngonium podophyllum is reported. The synthesized nanoparticles were then characterized physically by UV-Visible spectroscopy, particle size analysis, fluorescent spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and HR (High resolution)-TEM.

Results: The particles were observed to be in average size range of 30-70 nm. Furthermore, the ITO electrode was modified with the prepared nanoparticles and analyzed by ellipsometry. The electrochemical characteristics of the modified electrodes were analyzed by cyclic voltammetry.

Conclusion: The results exhibited a higher current gain, thus signifying a higher signal amplification at the electrodes and paves the way for their use in electrochemical nanobiosensors.

Keywords: Gold nanoparticles, green synthesis, FTIR, TEM, ellipsometry, Cyclic voltammetry.

Graphical Abstract
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