Background: Previous and recent scientific research has shown that triazolopyrimidine and furochromones have a wide range of pharmacological activities for the treatment of numerous diseases, including anticancer, antiviral, anti-depressant, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic activities.
Objective: Preparation of new drugs derived from a natural furochromones as (1-hydrazinyl or methylthio),-furopyrimidoquinazolinone, 1, 2, 4-triazolopyrimidofuroquinazolin-5-one, and quinazoline- pyrimidofuro- quinazoline-8, 10-dione and the study of their biological activity as antimicrobial agents.
Methods: A series of novel N’-furopyrimidoquinazoline-hydrazide; 1, 2, 4-triazolopyrimidofuroquinazolin- 5-one; furopyrimidoquinazolin-3-one and quinazoline-pyrimidofuroquinazoline-8, 10- dione derivatives were synthesized from substituted (methylthio)-furopyrimidoquinazolinone (3ab) and 1-hydrazinyl-furopyrimido- quinazolinone (4a-b) as the starting material.
Results: All compounds were synthesized in good yields (71-95%) in a gradually efficient system under mild condition and some of the procedures were used such as microwave oven. The new compounds have been confirmed by means of different spectroscopic methods such as IR, 1D and 2D -NMR techniques and mass spectrum. The in vitro antimicrobial activities were evaluated for the prepared compounds using many types of bacteria (Gram-positive and Gram-negative) and fungi.
Conclusion: 1, 2, 4-triazolopyrimidofuroquinazolin-5-one derivatives (10a-f, 8a-b, 7a-b and 6a-d) showed the most efficient antimicrobial activities compared with the cefotaxime sodium and nystatin as standard drugs.
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