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Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1386-2073
ISSN (Online): 1875-5402

Review Article

Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (QSAR) Studies for the Inhibition of MAOs

Author(s): Muthusamy Ramesh* and Arunachalam Muthuraman*

Volume 23 , Issue 9 , 2020

Page: [887 - 897] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/1386207323666200324173231

Price: $65

Abstract

Monoamine oxidases are the crucial drug targets for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders like depression, Parkinson’s disease, and Alzheimer’s disease. The enzymes catalyze the oxidative deamination of several monoamine containing neurotransmitters, i.e. serotonin (5-HT), melatonin, epinephrine, norepinephrine, phenylethylamine, benzylamine, dopamine, tyramine, etc. The oxidative reaction of monoamine oxidases results in the production of hydrogen peroxide that leads to the neurodegeneration process. Therefore, the inhibition of monoamine oxidases has shown a profound effect against neurodegenerative diseases. At present, the design and development of newer lead molecules for the inhibition of monoamine oxidases are under intensive research in the field of medicinal chemistry. Recently, the advancement in QSAR methodologies has shown considerable interest in the development of monoamine oxidase inhibitors. The present review describes the development of QSAR methodologies, and their role in the design of newer monoamine oxidase inhibitors. It will assist the medicinal chemist in the identification of selective and potent monoamine oxidase inhibitors from various chemical scaffolds.

Keywords: Monoamine oxidases, QSAR, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, neurodegenerative disorders, monoamine oxidase inhibitors.

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