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Letters in Drug Design & Discovery


ISSN (Print): 1570-1808
ISSN (Online): 1875-628X

Research Article

Experimental Study of Therapeutic Efficacy of the Topical Preparation «Kourochitin» in Skin Allergy

Author(s): Anna Anatolievna Klimovich*, Olga Nikolaevna Styshova, Alexander Mikhailovich Popov, Tatiana Vladimirovna Moskvina*, Alexander Vasilevich Tsybulsky, Dmitry Albertovich Derunov and Valentin Aronovich Stonik

Volume 17, Issue 10, 2020

Page: [1237 - 1244] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/1570180817666200316155643

Price: $65


Background: The researchers of PIBOC RAS developed the dermo-protective topical drug called «Kourochitin», active substance of which is known quinazoline alkaloid tryptanthrin. In the present work, therapeutic efficacy of this drug in the treatment of allergic dermatosis was evaluated.

Methods: Dermo-protective action of «Kourochitin» was studied in tow murine models: 2, 4- dinitrofluorobenzene- induced allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) and imiquimod-induced psoriasis.

Results and Discussion: In a model ACD, it was shown that «Kourochitin» exhibits the curative action on pathophysiological, hematological and immunological parameters in ACD. Namely, «Kourochitin» 1) reduces the level of erythema in the allergen damaged skin area and increases the healing index of the epidermis; 2) normalizes the content of eosinophils, basophils and monocytes in the blood of experimental animals; 3) inhibits the production of main pro-inflammatory cytokines: interleukins - 1 and 2, interferon-gamma, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. In a murine model of imiquimod-induced psoriasis, it was shown that «Kourochitin» application led to reduction in psoriasis severity on the inflamed epidermis of experimental animals. Additionally, in veterinary research, «Kourochitin»-treatment of canine atopic dermatitis almost completely eliminated signs of allergic manifestations on the epidermis.

Conclusion: The obtained data suggest that «Kourochitin» as anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, and wound healing remedy is a potential drug for therapy of various dermatological diseases, in particular allergic skin lesions.

Keywords: Tryptanthrin, quinazoline alkaloids, drug development, dermatoprotective drugs, skin allergy, anti-inflammatory remedies.

Graphical Abstract
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