Generic placeholder image

Recent Innovations in Chemical Engineering


ISSN (Print): 2405-5204
ISSN (Online): 2405-5212

Review Article

The Opportunities and Challenges of Preformed Particle Gel in Enhanced Oil Recovery

Author(s): Imran Akbar* and Zhou Hongtao*

Volume 13 , Issue 4 , 2020

Page: [290 - 302] Pages: 13

DOI: 10.2174/2405520413666200313130911

Price: $65


Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR), is a technique that has been used to recover the remaining oil from the reservoirs after primary and secondary recovery methods. Some reservoirs are very complex and require advanced EOR techniques that containing new materials and additives in order to produce maximum oil in economic and environmentally friendly manners. Because of EOR techniques, in this work previous and current challenges have been discussed, and suggested some future opportunities. This work comprises the key factors, such as; transport of Preformed Particle Gels (PPGs), Surface wettability and conformance control that affect the efficiency of PPGs. The conduits, fractures, fracture-like features and high permeability streaks are the big challenges for EOR, as they may cause early water breakthrough and undesirable water channeling. Hence, the use of PPGs is one of the exclusive commercial gel inventions, which not only increases the oil production but also decreases the water cut during the oil production. Moreover, different studies regarding PPG, surfactants, and Silica nanoparticle applications, such as the effect of salinity, particle size, swelling ratio, gel strength, wettability, and adsorption were also discussed. Future work is required in order to overcome the conformance problems and increase the oil recovery.

Keywords: Adsorption, oil recovery, permeability, preformed particle gel, silica nanoparticles, wettability.

Graphical Abstract
Karimi A, Fakhroueian Z, Bahramian A, et al. Wettability alteration in carbonates using zirconium oxide nanofluids: EOR implications. Energy Fuels 2012; 26(2): 1028-36.
Chauveteau G, Tabary R, Le Bon C, et al. in-depth permeability control by adsorption of soft size-controlled microgels.SPE European Formation Damage Conference. 2003. Society of Petroleum Engineers..
Coste J, Liu Y, Bai B. Conformance control by preformed particle gel: Factors affecting its properties and application in Tulsa SPE/DOE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium. 2002.
Bai B, Liu Y, Coste JP, Li L. Preformed particle gel for conformance control: Transport mechanism through porous media.SPE Reservoir Eval Eng 2007; 10(02): 176-84.
Jadhunandan P, Morrow N. Spontaneous imbibitionof water by crude oil/brine/rock systems. In: Situ US. 1991; 15.(4)
Jadhunandan P, Morrow NR. Effect of wettability on waterflood recovery for crude-oil/brine/rock systems. SPE Reserv Eng 1995; 10(01): 40-6.
Yildiz HO, Morrow NR. Effect of brine composition on recovery of Moutray crude oil by waterflooding. J Petrol Sci Eng 1996; 14(3-4): 159-68.
Tang G, Morrow NR. Salinity, temperature, oil composition, and oil recovery by waterflooding. SPE Reserv Eng 1997; 12(04): 269-76.
Tang G-Q, Morrow NR. Influence of brine composition and fines migration on crude oil/brine/rock interactions and oil recovery. J Petrol Sci Eng 1999; 24(2-4): 99-111.
Alhuraishawy AK, Bai B, Wei M. Combined ionically modified seawater and microgels to improve oil recovery in fractured carbonate reservoirs. J Petrol Sci Eng 2018; 162: 434-45.
Bai B, Li Y, Liu X. New development of water shutoff and profile control in oil fields in China. Oil Drilling Prod Technol 1999; 20(3): 64-8.
Bai B, Liu Y, Coste JP, Li L. Case study on prefromed particle gel for in-depth fluid diversion. SPE symposium on improved oil recovery. SPE Reservoir Eval Eng 2007; 10(2): 176-84.
Tongwa P, Nygaard R, Bai B. Evaluation of a nanocomposite hydrogel for water shut‐off in enhanced oil recovery applications: Design, synthesis, and characterization. J Appl Polym Sci 2013; 128(1): 787-94.
Tongwa P, Nygaard R, Blue A, Bai B. Evaluation of potential fracture-sealing materials for remediating CO2 leakage pathways during CO2 sequestration. Int J Greenh Gas Control 2013; 18: 128-38.
Tongwa P, Baojun B. A more superior preformed particle gel with potential application for conformance control in mature oilfields. J Pet Explor Prod Technol 2015; 5(2): 201-10.
Young T, Willhite G, Green D. Study of intramolecularcrosslinking of polyacrylamide in Cr (III)- polyacrylamide gelation by size-exclusion chromatography,low-angle laser light scattering, and viscometry. Water-Soluble Polymers for Petroleum Recovery Springer 1988; 329-42.
Seright R. Impact of dispersion on gel placement for profile control. SPE Reserv Eng 1991; 6(03): 343-52.
Bryant SL, Rabaioli M, Lockhart TP. Influence of syneresis on permeability reduction by polymer gels. SPE Prod Facil 1996; 11(4): 209-15.
Asghari K. Evaluating gel systems for permeability modification purposes in carbon dioxide flooding processes and investigating the fluid flow through hydrogels 2002.
Tongwa P, Bai B. Degradable nanocomposite preformed particle gel for chemical enhanced oil recovery applications. J Petrol Sci Eng 2014; 124: 35-45.
Li J, Jiang Z, Wang Y, Zheng J, Huang G. Stability, seepage and displacement characteristics of heterogeneous branched-preformed particle gels for enhanced oil recovery. RSC Advances 2018; 8(9): 4881-9.
Imqam A, Bai B. Optimizing the strength and size of preformed particle gels for better conformance control treatment. Fuel 2015; 148: 178-85.
Seright R. Washout of Cr (III)-Acetate-HPAM Gels from fractures Int Symp Oilfield Chem. 2003 Society of Petroleum Engineers
Elsharafi MO, Bai B. Experimental work to determine the effect of load pressure on the gel pack permeability of strong and weak preformed particle gels. Fuel 2017; 188: 332-42.
Morrow NR, Lim HT, Ward JS. Effect of crude-oil-induced wettability changes on oil recovery. SPE Form Eval 1986; 1(01): 89-103.
Morrow NR. Wettability and its effect on oil recovery J Petrol Technol 1990; 42(12): 1476-84.
Anderson WG. Wettability literature survey-part 6: The effects of wettability on waterflooding. J Pet Technol 1987; 39(12): 1-605.
Rao D, Girard M, Sayegh S. The influence of reservoir wettability on waterflood and miscible flood performance. J Can Pet Technol 1992; 31(6)
Zhou X, Morrow NR, Ma S. Interrelationship of wettability, initial water saturation, aging time, and oil recovery by spontaneous imbibition and waterflooding. Soc Pet Eng J 2000; 5(2): 199-207.
Dwarakanath V, Jackson RE, Pope GA. Influence of wettability on the recovery of NAPLs from alluvium. Environ Sci Technol 2002; 36(2): 227-31.
[] [PMID: 11827056]
Hatiboglu CU, Babadagli T. Primary and secondary oil recovery from different-wettability rocks by countercurrent diffusion and spontaneous imbibition. SPE Reservoir Eval Eng 2008; 11(2): 418-28.
Johannesen EB, Graue A. Mobilization of remaining oil-emphasis on capillary number and wettability. International Oil Conference and Exhibition in Mexico.
Johannesen EB, Graue A. Systematic investigation of waterflood reducing residual oil saturations by increasing differential pressures at various wettabilities. Offshore Europe. Soc Petrol Eng 2007.
Wang Y, Xu H, Yu W, Bai B, Song X, Zhang J. Surfactant induced reservoir wettability alteration: Recent theoretical and experimental advances in enhanced oil recovery. Petrol Sci 2011; 8(4): 463-76.
Kowalewski E, Holt T, Torsaeter O. Wettability alterations due to an oil soluble additive. J Petrol Sci Eng 2002; 33(1-3): 19-28.
Buckley J, Liu Y. Some mechanisms of crude oil/ brine/solid interactions. J Petrol Sci Eng 1998; 20(3-4): 155-60.
Ju B, Fan T. Experimental study and mathematical model of nanoparticle transport in porous media. Powder Technol 2009; 192(2): 195-202.
Onyekonwu MO, Ogolo NA. Investigating the use of nanoparticles in enhancing oil recovery in Nigeria Annual International Conference and Exhibition. Society of Petroleum Engineers. 2010
ShamsiJazeyi H. Miller CA, Wong MS, Tour JM, Verduzco R. Polymer‐coated nanoparticles for enhanced oil recovery. J Appl Polym Sci 2014; 131(15): 40576.
Baez J, Ruiz MP, Faria J, Harwell JH, Shiau B, Resasco DE. Stabilization of interfacially-active-nanohybrids/polymer suspensions and transport through porous media. SPE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium. 2012.
Yang GC, Tu H-C, Hung C-H. Stability of nanoiron slurries and their transport in the subsurface environment. Separ Purif Tech 2007; 58(1): 166-72.
Bagaria HG, Neilson BM, Worthen AJ, et al. Adsorption of iron oxide nanoclusters stabilized with sulfonated copolymers on silica in concentrated NaCl and CaCl2 brine. J Colloid Interface Sci 2013; 398: 217-26.
[] [PMID: 23473572]
Kim H-J, Phenrat T, Tilton RD, Lowry GV. Effect of kaolinite, silica fines and pH on transport of polymer-modified zero valent iron nano-particles in heterogeneous porous media. J Colloid Interface Sci 2012; 370(1): 1-10.
[] [PMID: 22284571]
Roustaei A, Bagherzadeh H. Experimental investigation of SiO 2 nanoparticles on enhanced oil recovery of carbonate reservoirs. J Pet Explor Prod Technol 2015; 5(1): 27-33.
Maghzi A, Mohebbi A, Kharrat R, Ghazanfari MH. Pore-scale monitoring of wettability alteration by silica nanoparticles during polymer flooding to heavy oil in a five-spot glass micromodel. Transp Porous Media 2011; 87(3): 653-64.
Cheraghian G. Effects of nanoparticles on wettability: A review on applications of nanotechnology in the enhanced Oil recovery. Int J Nanodimens 2015; 6(5): 443-52.
Kondiparty K, Nikolov AD, Wasan D, Liu KL. Dynamic spreading of nanofluids on solids. Part I: experimental. Langmuir 2012; 28(41): 14618-23.
[] [PMID: 22966990]
Hendraningrat L, Li S, Torsater O. A coreflood investigation of nanofluid enhanced oil recovery in low-medium permeability Berea sandstone. SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry. 2013.
Imqam A, Bai B, Delshad M. Micro-particle gel transport performance through unconsolidated sandstone and its blocking to water flow during conformance control treatments. Fuel 2018; 231: 479-88.
Imqam A, Bai B, Al Ramadan M, Wei M, Delshad M, Sepehrnoori K. Preformed-particle-gel extrusion through open conduits during conformance-control treatments. SPE J 2015; 20(5): 1,083-93.
Seright R. Gel placement in fractured systems. SPE Prod Facil 1995; 10(4): 241-8.
Seright R, Lee R. Gel treatments for reducing channeling in naturally fractured reservoirs. SPE Permian Basin Oil and Gas Recovery Conference. Society of Petroleum Engineers. 1998
Seright RS. Gel propagation through fractures. SPE Prod Facil 2001; 16(04): 225-31.
Seright R, Lane R, Sydansk R. A strategy for attacking excess water production. SPE Prod Facil 2003; 18(3): 158-69.
Muhammed FA, Bai B, Tang T. Experimental study of the interaction between surfactants and super absorbent polymer gel. J Petrol Sci Eng 2012; 90: 159-64.
Imqam A, Wang Z, Bai B. The plugging performance of preformed particle gel to water flow through large opening void space conduits. J Petrol Sci Eng 2017; 156: 51-61.
Imqam A, Bai B, Wei M, Elue H, Muhammed FA. Use of hydrochloric acid to remove filter-cake damage from preformed particle gel during conformance-control treatments. SPE Prod Oper 2016; 31(03): 247-57.
Flory PJ, Rehner J Jr. Statistical mechanics of cross‐linked polymer networks I. Rubberlike elasticity. J Chem Phys 1943; 11(11): 512-20.
Jessen F, Mungan N. The effect of particle size distribution and exchange cation on gel properties of fractionated bentonite suspensions 1959.
Meister J. Bulk gel strength tester. SPE Oilfield and Geothermal Chemistry Symposium. 1985
Goudarzi A, Zhang H, Varavei A, et al. A laboratory and simulation study of preformed particle gels for water conformance control. Fuel 2015; 140: 502-13.
Goudarzi A, Alhuraishawy A, Taksaudom P, et al. Experimental and simulation study of water shutoff in fractured systems using microgelsspe western regional meeting. Society of Petroleum Engineers 2016.

Rights & Permissions Print Export Cite as
© 2022 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy