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Journal of Photocatalysis


ISSN (Print): 2665-976X
ISSN (Online): 2665-9778

Research Article

Catalytic and Photothermo-catalytic Applications of TiO2-CoOx Composites

Author(s): Roberto Fiorenza, Marcello Condorelli, Luisa D’Urso, Giuseppe Compagnini, Marianna Bellardita, Leonardo Palmisano and Salvatore Scirè*

Volume 1, Issue 1, 2020

Page: [3 - 15] Pages: 13

DOI: 10.2174/2665976X01666200219113505


Background: The necessity to have green and sustainable industrial processes has promoted new technologies for air and water purification together with the research of new energy sources. In this contest, the TiO2-based photocatalysis can be considered a promising route for both environmental applications and hydrogen production through water splitting.

Objective: In this work, we have investigated the photocatalytic performance of TiO2-CoOx composites on both photooxidation and photoreduction reactions. Specifically, we have compared the performance of the composites in the thermo-catalytic, photo-catalytic and photothermal-catalytic oxidation of ethanol chosen as model volatile organic compound (VOC) and in the photocatalytic hydrogen production by simulated solar light from aqueous solution of ethanol.

Methods: The samples were prepared with a simple impregnation method, and were characterized by Scanning Electron (SEM) and Transmission Electron (TEM) microscopies, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption-desorption measurements, Temperature Programmed Reduction in hydrogen (H2- TPR) and X-ray Photoelectron (XPS), Raman, UV-Vis Diffuse Reflectance (UV-Vis DRS) and Photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopies. The catalytic and photocatalytic activity were carried out on pyrex reactors irradiated with a solar lamp and analyzing the reactions products through gas chromatography.

Results: The presence and the amount of cobalt oxide were found crucial in determining the performance of the TiO2-based composites for both the catalytic and photocatalytic processes. In particular, the addition of 1 weight percent of CoOx led to the best performance in the photocatalytic processes, whereas a higher amount was beneficial in the thermo-catalytic tests. The multi-catalytic approach based on the synergistic effect of photocatalysis and thermocatalysis in the presence of the TiO2-1%CoOx sample allowed the temperature necessary to obtain 50% ethanol conversion and 50% yield in CO2 to be reduced by 40°C and 50°C, respectively. The same sample was also the best catalyst for photocatalytic solar H2 production.

Conclusion: The presence of small amounts of cobalt oxide leads to an efficient composite with TiO2 facilitating the space charge separation and increasing the lifetime of the generated photoholes and electrons. The wide versatility of TiO2-CoOx catalysts both for photooxidation and photoreduction reactions motivates to further exploit the use of these systems in real solar-driven photocatalysis.

Keywords: TiO2, photocatalysis, photo-thermocatalysis, VOCs, cobalt oxide, composites, hydrogen production.

Graphical Abstract
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