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Letters in Drug Design & Discovery


ISSN (Print): 1570-1808
ISSN (Online): 1875-628X

Research Article

Development of Novel Glitazones as Antidiabetic Agents: Molecular Design, Synthesis, Evaluation of Glucose Uptake Activity and SAR Studies

Author(s): Mahendra Gowdru Srinivas, Prabitha Prabhakaran, Subhankar Probhat Mandal, Yuvaraj Sivamani, Pranesh Guddur and Bommenahally Ravanappa Prashantha Kumar*

Volume 17, Issue 7, 2020

Page: [840 - 849] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1570180816666191105124535

Price: $65


Background: Thiazolidinediones and its bioisostere, namely, rhodanines have become ubiquitous class of heterocyclic compounds in drug design and discovery. In the present study, as part of molecular design, a series of novel glitazones that are feasible to synthesize in our laboratory were subjected to docking studies against PPAR-γ receptor for their selection.

Methods and Results: As part of the synthesis of selected twelve glitazones, the core moiety, pyridine incorporated rhodanine was synthesized via dithiocarbamate. Later, a series of glitazones were prepared via Knovenageal condensation. In silico docking studies were performed against PPARγ protein (2PRG). The titled compounds were investigated for their cytotoxic activity against 3T3-L1 cells to identify the cytotoxicity window of the glitazones. Further, within the cytotoxicity window, glitazones were screened for glucose uptake activity against L6 cells to assess their possible antidiabetic activity.

Conclusion: Based on the glucose uptake results, structure activity relationships are drawn for the title compounds.

Keywords: Rhodanines, glitazones, Type 2 diabetes mellitus, glucose uptake, L6 cells, SAR.

Graphical Abstract
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