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Current Organic Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 1385-2728
ISSN (Online): 1875-5348

Review Article

Ethnobotany and Phytochemistry of the genus Eremostachys Bunge

Author(s): Majid Mohammadhosseini*, Claudio Frezza, Alessandro Venditti and Abolfazl Akbarzadeh

Volume 23, Issue 17, 2019

Page: [1828 - 1842] Pages: 15

DOI: 10.2174/1385272823666191007161550

Price: $65


In this review, the species from the genus Eremostachys Bunge are described and explored from different standpoints. In particular, the main attention is focused on phytochemistry also with reference to the biogenesis of the most important class of chemotaxonomic marker, the iridoids, and their co-occurrence with volatile terpene components of essential oils which own the same biogenetic precursors. The ethnopharmacological implications of the plants belonging to this genus are also reported in detail. Nevertheless, a few morphological and botanical details of Eremostachys are also presented, as well as some topics about its chemotaxonomy and pure pharmacology. Based on the data reported in the literature, different species of the genus Eremostachys show important and interesting peculiarities under all these aspects that are extensively discussed and commented.

Keywords: Chemotaxonomy, Eremostachys Bunge, ethnopharmacology, iridoids, Lamiaceae, pharmacology, phytochemistry.

Graphical Abstract
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