Background: Immunoglobulin A (IgA) accounts for 15% of total protein production per day and plays a crucial role in the first-line immune defence. Recently, IgA has been established as a vital clinical biomarker for nephropathy, allergic asthma, celiac disease (CD), pneumonia, and asthma as well as some neurological disorders. In this work, we have studied several carbon nanomaterials (CNMs) having different dimensions (D): carbon nano-onions (CNOs) - 0D, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) - 1D, and graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) - 2D, on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) to identify which CNMs (CNOs/SWCNTs/GNPs) work best to fabricate IgA based electrochemical immunosensor.
Methods: Different CNMs (CNOs, SWCNTs, GNPs) were tested for high electric current on GCE using square wave voltammetry (SWV), and among them, GNPs modified GCE platform (GNPs/GCE) showcased the highest electric current. Therefore, GNPs/GCE was utilized for the development of highly sensitive label-free electrochemical immunosensor for the detection of Immunoglobulin A using SWV.
Results: Despite the simple fabrication strategies employed, the fabricated sensor demonstrated a low limit of detection of 50 fg mL-1 with an extensive linear range of detection from 50 fg mL-1 to 0.1 μg mL-1.
Conclusion: Fabricated immunosensor represented high stability, repeatability, specificity and resistance to most common interferences as well as great potential to analyse the real sample.
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