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Current Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X

General Review Article

Computational Analysis of Dipyrone Metabolite 4-Aminoantipyrine As A Cannabinoid Receptor 1 Agonist

Author(s): Silvana Russo and Walter Filgueira de Azevedo*

Volume 27, Issue 28, 2020

Page: [4741 - 4749] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/0929867326666190906155339

Price: $65


Background: Cannabinoid receptor 1 has its crystallographic structure available in complex with agonists and inverse agonists, which paved the way to establish an understanding of the structural basis of interactions with ligands. Dipyrone is a prodrug with analgesic capabilities and is widely used in some countries. Recently some evidence of a dipyrone metabolite acting over the Cannabinoid Receptor 1has been shown.

Objective: Our goal here is to explore the dipyrone metabolite 4-aminoantipyrine as a Cannabinoid Receptor 1 agonist, reviewing dipyrone characteristics, and investigating the structural basis for its interaction with the Cannabinoid Receptor 1.

Method: We reviewed here recent functional studies related to the dipyrone metabolite focusing on its action as a Cannabinoid Receptor 1 agonist. We also analyzed protein-ligand interactions for this complex obtained through docking simulations against the crystallographic structure of the Cannabinoid Receptor 1.

Results: Analysis of the crystallographic structure and docking simulations revealed that most of the interactions present in the docked pose were also present in the crystallographic structure of Cannabinoid Receptor 1 and agonist.

Conclusion: Analysis of the complex of 4-aminoantipyrine and Cannabinoid Receptor 1 revealed the pivotal role played by residues Phe 170, Phe 174, Phe 177, Phe 189, Leu 193, Val 196, and Phe 379, besides the conserved hydrogen bond at Ser 383. The mechanistic analysis and the present computational study suggest that the dipyrone metabolite 4-aminoantipyrine interacts with the Cannabinoid Receptor 1.

Keywords: 4-aminoantipyrine, cannabinoid receptor 1, dipyrone, docking, metamizole, molecular interactions.

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