Two Age-Related Accumulation Profiles of Toxic Metals

Author(s): Hiroshi Yasuda, Kazuya Yoshida, Yuichi Yasuda, Toyoharu Tsutsui

Journal Name: Current Aging Science

Volume 5 , Issue 2 , 2012

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In order to investigate the body burden levels of toxic metals in Japanese, five toxic metal concentrations in scalp hair samples from 28,424 subjects from infant to elderly were determined with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The geometric mean of hair mercury concentrations showed a high-significant age-correlated increase (r = 0.341, p < 0.0001) with a peak at the 6th decade of life and then decreased with further aging in both sexes. The mean mercury concentrations in male adults were significantly higher than those in female (p < 0.001), indicating the gender difference (male > female) in mercury accumulation. Arsenic also showed a similar accumulation profile with agedependency and gender difference in adult subjects. In contrast, cadmium, lead and aluminium exhibited another type of accumulation profile: the highest burden level was observed in infants aged 0-3 years old for every element in both sexes. In addition, cadmium was found to have a character accumulating in aged females, with significant age-dependency (r = 0.134, p < 0.0001) and gender difference (female > male).

These findings suggest that toxic metals are classified into two families on the basis of their accumulation profiles, and that the three elements of mercury, arsenic and cadmium which accumulate age-dependently in adults, may play a role in aging process and higher burden with them may lead to acceleration of aging.

Keywords: Toxic metal accumulation, correlation with age, gender difference, mercury, arsenic, cadmium, Environmental pollution, hair-specific keratin

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Article Details

Year: 2012
Published on: 28 May, 2012
Page: [105 - 111]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1874609811205020105
Price: $65

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