Manual of Child Neurology: Problem Based Approach to Common Disorders

Indexed in: Book Citation Index, Science Edition, Scopus, EBSCO.

Since the last century, remarkable advances at both the basic and clinical levels have considerably improved our ability to evaluate and treat children with neurological disorders. Many cases seen by ...
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Meningitis & Encephalitis

Pp. 78-82 (5)

DOI: 10.2174/978160805022211201010078

Author(s): Mohammed M. S. Jan


Infections of the meninges (meningitis) and the brain (encephalitis) needs to be identified and managed promptly in order to prevent associated morbidity and mortality. Symptoms and signs of raised intracranial pressure are frequently the initial features of meningitis caused by bacterial or viral infections. Encephalitis is more frequently caused by viral infections with features that include seizures, personality change, decreased consciousness, and focal neurological manifestations. As the infection progress, mixed features are frequently encountered (meningoencephalitis). In this chapter, an updated overview of meningitis and encephalitis in infants and children is presented.


Meningitis, Encephalitis, Viral, Bacterial, Tuberculosis, Fungal, Seizures, Encephalopathy, Lumber puncture, Antibiotics.