Heidelberg Retina Tomograph in Glaucoma
Pp. 99-112 (14)
N.G. Strouthidis and D.F. Garway-Heath
The Heidelberg Retina Tomograph (HRT) has been available in the clinical practice for over a decade.
The device utilizes the principle of confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy to acquire three-dimensional
topographical images of the optic nerve head. The basic principles of image acquisition are discussed, along with
the use of the HRT in assisting clinicians to discriminate between normal and glaucomatous optic discs and to
detect glaucomatous progression. The native software incorporates a number of easily interpreted classification
algorithms such as the ‘Moorfields Regression Analysis’ and the ‘Glaucoma Probability Score’. When using the
HRT to aid diagnosis, clinicians should use clinical information to judge the ‘pre-test probability’ that glaucoma
is present together with the information supplied by the HRT to derive the ‘post-test probability’ of a patient
having a diagnosis of glaucoma. Methods to improve the signal to noise ratio are central in improving the
detection of progression using longitudinal HRT imaging.
Glaucoma, optic disc, optic cup, cup-to-disc ratio, neuroretinal rim, retinal nerve fibre layer, glaucoma diagnosis,
glaucoma progression, rim area, rim volume, cup volume, optic nerve head, glaucoma monitoring, imaging, laser.
NIHR Biomedical Research Centre for Ophthalmology, Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, London, UK