3D In Vitro Technology for Drug Discovery

Author(s): Hossein Hosseinkhani

Journal Name: Current Drug Safety

Volume 7 , Issue 1 , 2012


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Abstract:

Three-dimensional (3D) in vitro systems that can mimic organ and tissue structure and function in vivo, will be of great benefit for a variety of biological applications from basic biology to toxicity testing and drug discovery. There have been several attempts to generate 3D tissue models but most of these models require costly equipment, and the most serious disadvantage in them is that they are too far from the mature human organs in vivo. Because of these problems, research and development in drug discovery, toxicity testing and biotech industries are highly expensive, and involve sacrifice of countless animals and it takes several years to bring a single drug/product to the market or to find the toxicity or otherwise of chemical entities. Our group has been actively working on several alternative models by merging biomaterials science, nanotechnology and biological principles to generate 3D in vitro living organs, to be called “Human Organs-on-Chip”, to mimic natural organ/tissues, in order to reduce animal testing and clinical trials. We have fabricated a novel type of mechanically and biologically bio-mimicking collagen-based hydrogel that would provide for interconnected mini-wells in which 3D cell/organ culture of human samples in a manner similar to human organs with extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules would be possible. These products mimic the physical, chemical, and biological properties of natural organs and tissues at different scales. This paper will review the outcome of our several experiments so far in this direction and the future perspectives.

Keywords: 3D scaffold, toxicity testing in vitro, replacement alternative, hydrogel, biochip

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Article Details

VOLUME: 7
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2012
Published on: 02 May, 2012
Page: [37 - 43]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/157488612800492753

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