From Risk Factors to Algorithms of Risk and Cardiovascular Risk Charts
Pp. 22-28 (7)
S. Novo, G.R. Amoroso, F. Bonura, P. Carità, E. Corrado and G. Novo
The GCVR aims to stratify subjects without past history of CVD for their risk to develop CVE in the
following ten years. The GCVR can be assessed through "risk charts” or electronic calculators that provide an
individual score. The results indicate an absolute risk or a relative risk. Various countries use different systems in
order to respect the different populations of reference. In particular, the Framingham equations have effectiveness
in calculating CV risk in middle-aged Americans or Afro-American subjects. The "European charts" is a specific
method for subjects belonging to "high risk" (the Northern Europe) or “low risk" (Mediterranean) European
countries. Finally, the “Progetto Cuore” aims at estimating the risk in the Italian population. The Progetto Cuore’s
equation is available for free on the website (www.cuore.iss.it.).
Global Cardiovascular Risk (GCVR), absolute risk, relative risk, algorithms, charts of risk, electronic
calculators, Framingham Heart Study, SCORE project, Progetto Cuore.
Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Palermo – Italy