Although a potentially toxic gaseous molecule, carbon monoxide recently gains rising scientifically and clinical
interest as its beneficial effects and mechanisms of action are defined substantially in various in vitro and in vivo experiments.
Its anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and anti-proliferative properties but its increasing impact concerning numerous
disease models in means of protection, well describe this gas as a new and challenging therapeutic alternative.
In this review, we focus on the extensively analyzed advantageous value of pre- and postconditioning with inhaled carbon
monoxide in the context of lung and kidney injury, induced by the low perfusion during and after cardiopulmonary bypass.
Mechanisms like the heat shock response as well as an expanded view regarding toxicity and side effects are described