Models of HIV-1 Persistence in the CD4+ T Cell Compartment: Past, Present and Future

Author(s): Mudit Tyagi, Fabio Romerio

Journal Name: Current HIV Research
HIV and Viral Immune Diseases

Volume 9 , Issue 8 , 2011


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Abstract:

The limitations of current anti-retroviral therapies (ART) and the lack of a valid anti-HIV-1 vaccine candidate underscore the need for new therapeutic concepts aiming at the eradication of HIV-1, which represents at the same time an ideal goal and a major challenge for AIDS research. At present, this aim is unattainable due to the existence of cellular and anatomical reservoirs of persistent infection. Memory CD4+ T cells comprise the largest pool of cells harboring silent, stably integrated HIV-1, which remains undetected by the immune system and refractory to conventional anti-retroviral drugs. The eradication of latent HIV-1 reservoirs will require new, potent and specific therapeutic strategies, which in turn must rely upon a deeper understanding of HIV-1 latency. To facilitate the advancement of our knowledge in this new area of research, several in vitro models of HIV-1 latency in CD4+ T cells have been established. Here, we dissect and critically compare the rationale behind each experimental approach. Furthermore, we outline new avenues of research that will benefit from these models, including the push toward the development of new classes of viral eradication drugs.

Keywords: HIV-1, latency, in vitro models, HAART, CD4+ T CELLS, Cell line-based models, RNA, proviruses, ANALYSIS, co-stimuli, infection

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Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 8
Year: 2011
Page: [579 - 587]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/157016211798998754
Price: $65

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