Bench to Bedside of CTLA-4: A Novel Immuno-Therapeutic Agent for Inflammatory Disorders

Author(s): Priya Sakthivel

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery

Volume 3 , Issue 2 , 2009

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Co-stimulatory molecules are antigen-independent generators of secondary signals which aid in maintaining the homeostasis of the immune system. CTLA-4 is one among extensively studied co-stimulatory molecules which downregulate immune response. The attributes of immunosuppressive qualities and capacity to induce tolerance have made its recognition as a potential immuno-therapeutic agent for autoimmune mediated inflammatory disorders. In 2007, European Medical Drug Agency (EMEA) has approved administration of CTLA-4Ig (commercial name: Orencia® ; generic name: Abatacept), as a mean for co-stimulation blockade, for treating patients with rheumatoid arthritis. This review is focused on working mechanism of CTLA-4 from its recognition (bench) to its usage as a potential therapeutic agent (bedside) for several inflammatory diseases. The efficacious aspects of chimeric CTLA-4 in phase I, II and III clinical trials for rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis are concisely described. This article highlights recent patents and the future usage of co-stimulatory molecules as a therapeutic agent providing a promising immuno-modulatory approach in regulating inflammation.

Keywords: CTLA-4, co-stimulatory molecules, abatacept, Inflammation, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, psoriasis vulgaris

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Article Details

Year: 2009
Page: [84 - 95]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/187221309788489805
Price: $65

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