Objective: Present a review about the use of the analgesia and sedation of the newborn in mechanical ventilation, which are the most common drugs, their beneficial and adverse effects, weaning way of the drugs and the most common levels of pain. Data Source: It has been used articles obtained in the Pub Med, Medline, Cochrane BVS, databases, in which the topics about sedation and analgesia in the newborn and the levels of the pain evaluation were approached. Conclusions: The pain and the discomfort of the newborn in the mechanical ventilation are events that should be avoided. The levels of pain help the physician in the evaluation of the patient and the pharmacological treatment should be applied in an individual way.
Keywords: Newborns, analgesia, sedation, mechanical ventilation, neonatal intensive care unit, pain scales, drugs, abstinence syndrome, hypotension, bronchospasm
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