Sex-Related Differences in QTc Effects Potential of Drugs

Author(s): Phillip Dinh, Jin Sun, Steve Bai, George Kordzakhia

Journal Name: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials

Volume 6 , Issue 3 , 2011

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The objective of this study was to examine the drug-induced sex differences in corrected QT (QTc) interval by re-analyzing the data collected in thorough QT studies submitted to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). We examined 64 studies available in the FDA database by performing a time-matched, baseline adjusted ANCOVA on the QTc response stratified by sex. We used several summaries to capture the differences between males and females in drug response QTc effects. They included sample means, upper confidence intervals, and areas under the curves. At baseline, females tend to have a higher QTc response than males. After treatment, various summaries suggest that females tend to have a higher QTc effect than males. However, the magnitude of the difference is small and is often not statistically significant. Several limitations can be raised about these available data: 1) available QT studies were not designed to examine the sex differences in QTc effects, 2) the findings were undermined by large variations seen in QT data, and 3) our summary statistics are descriptive in nature and are not for inferential purposes. Nonetheless, the results suggest that females tend to have a higher QTc effect than males, although the difference tends to be small. Further research is needed to formally address the question.

Keywords: Gender, QT, QTc, Sex, Thorough QT studies

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Article Details

Year: 2011
Page: [220 - 227]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/157488711796575531
Price: $65

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PDF: 10