Policies to Prevent Tobacco Use and Exposure in Children, a Global Perspective

Author(s): Paola Morello

Journal Name: Current Pediatric Reviews

Volume 7 , Issue 2 , 2011

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Abstract:

Tobacco use is a major preventable cause of premature death and disease worldwide. In this article I briefly review the extent of the problem highlighting current policies that are effective in its control. I provide information on prevalence of tobacco use and tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) among children and adolescents worldwide along with mortality data and economic data. I summarize the public policies that have been shown to be effective in reducing tobacco initiation and TSE in children using as a framework the MPOWER recommendations from the World Health Organization (WHO). I review each one of these policies – monitoring, smoke-free environments, treatment of tobacco dependence, health warnings on packages, bans on advertising, promotion and sponsorship, and tobacco taxation- and explain how they can prevent smoking among children and adolescents and their exposure to tobacco smoke. Finally, I discuss the role of the pediatrician in understanding these policies and help in their implementation.

Keywords: Adolescents, children, cigarettes, pediatricians, public policies, smoking prevention, tobacco

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Article Details

VOLUME: 7
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2011
Page: [97 - 106]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/157339611795735639
Price: $65

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