Three Decades of the Class A β-Lactamase Acyl-Enzyme

Author(s): Jed F. Fisher, Shahriar Mobashery

Journal Name: Current Protein & Peptide Science

Volume 10 , Issue 5 , 2009

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The discovery that the mechanism of β-lactam hydrolysis catalyzed by the class A (active site serinedependent) β-lactamases proceeds via an acyl-enzyme intermediate was made thirty years ago. Since this discovery, the active site circumstance that enables acylation of the active site serine and further enables hydrolytic deacylation of the acyl-serine intermediate, has received extraordinary scrutiny. The justification for this scrutiny is the direct relevance of the β-lactamases to the manifestation of bacterial resistance to the β-lactam antibiotics, and the subsequent (to the discovery of the β-lactamase acyl-enzyme) recognition of the direct evolutionary relationship between the serine β-lactamase acyl-enzyme, and the penicillin binding protein acyl-enzyme that is key to β-lactam antibiotic activity. This short review describes the early events leading to the recognition that serine β-lactamase catalysis proceeds via an acyl-enzyme intermediate, and summarizes several of the key mechanistic studies — including infrared spectroscopy, cryoenzymology, β- lactam design, and x-ray crystallography — that have been exploited to understand this pivotal catalytic intermediate.

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Article Details

Year: 2009
Page: [401 - 407]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/138920309789351967
Price: $65

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