HIV, STD, and Sexual Risk Reduction for Individuals with a Severe Mental Illness: Review of the Intervention Literature

Author(s): Theresa E. Senn, Michael P. Carey

Journal Name: Current Psychiatry Reviews
Continued as Current Psychiatry Research and Reviews

Volume 4 , Issue 2 , 2008


Seroprevalence studies indicate that HIV infection rates are elevated among individuals with a severe mental illness (SMI) compared to the general population. The higher prevalence of HIV among individuals with SMI has prompted the development and evaluation of tailored sexual risk reduction programs for these individuals. In this paper, we review the literature on sexual risk-reduction interventions for individuals with SMI, including interventions for both uninfected and infected individuals. We discuss components of successful interventions, identify limitations in the current literature, and highlight directions for future research. Finally, we conclude with implications for clinical practice, including a discussion of the challenges and advantages to implementing sexual risk reduction interventions for individuals with SMI.

Keywords: HIV, STD, severe mental illness, prevention

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Article Details

Year: 2008
Page: [87 - 100]
Pages: 14
DOI: 10.2174/157340008784529313
Price: $65

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