The stereospecificity shown by a wide variety of inhibitors that are effective for carboxypeptidase A (CPA), a representative zinc protease is analyzed on the basis of inhibitor type. In cases of ground state analog inhibitors and transition state analog inhibitors, the stereoisomers having the stereochemistry that corresponds to stereochemistry of substrate are more potent, but in the case of irreversible inhibitors including mechanism-based inactivators the preferred inhibitory stereochemistry cannot be predicted simply from the substrate stereospecificity. The Ogston three point fit concept may be of great value in understanding the inhibitory stereochemistry of reversible competitive inhibitors. On the other hand, the stereochemistry of irreversible inhibitors may possibly be predicted on the ground of the transition state structure that plays a critical role in the inactivation pathway.
Keywords: Metalloprotease Inhibition, carboxypeptidase A (CPA), SUBSTRATE ANALOG INHIBITORS, Thermolysin Inhibitors
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