One of the most important stages of the drug discovery process is the generation of lead compounds. Structure-activity relationships (SAR) are well-integrated in modern drug discovery and have been largely used for the finding of new leads, scaffold generation, the optimization of receptor or enzyme affinity, as well as of pharmacokinetic and physicochemical properties. This review highlights some SAR approaches that can be used to optimize leads through a continuous, multi-step process based on knowledge gained at each stage, thus exploiting SAR in the design of selective, potent, small-molecule drug candidates.
Keywords: sar, drug design, enzyme inhibitors, cox, protein kinase, qsar, adme
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