The acylphloroglucinol hyperforin, a constituent of the herb Hypericum perforatum (St. Johns wort), was recently identified as potent and direct inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO), the key enzyme in the biosynthesis of proinflammatory leukotrienes. In this study, naturally occurring analogues of hyperforin, isolated from H. perforatum, as well as a series of synthetic derivatives obtained by chemical modification of hyperforin by acylation, alkylation or oxidation, were analysed for the inhibition of 5-LO. The efficacies of these compounds were evaluated in intact human polymorphonuclear leukocytes, but also the inhibitory effects on isolated recombinant human 5-LO were investigated. Our data show that some of the oxidised hyperforin derivatives possess even improved efficacy, whereas alkylation and acylation have detrimental effects.
Keywords: hyperforin, hypericum perforatum, 5-lipoxygenase, leukotriene, inflammation, polymorphonuclear leukocyte.
Rights & PermissionsPrintExport