A methanolic extract of Leontodon rigens (Dryander in Aiton) Paiva & Ormonde yielded 1,10- epoxy-14-hydroxyhypocretenolide-β-D-glucopyranoside and its 6-O-p-hydroxyphenylacetyl derivative. These compounds represent the first epoxyguaian-12,5-olide derivatives. The structures were established by means of high resolution mass spectrometry and 1-D and 2-D NMR spectroscopy. The cytotoxicity of the isolated compounds was assessed using the MTT assay and their potential to induce apoptosis by employing the annexin V-PI assay.
Keywords: asteraceae, leontodon rigens, natural products, sesquiterpene lactone epoxides, cytotoxicity
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