Aptamers as Therapeutics in Cardiovascular Diseases

Author(s): P. Wang, Y. Yang, H. Hong, Y. Zhang, W. Cai, D. Fang.

Journal Name: Current Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 18 , Issue 27 , 2011

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Abstract:

With many advantages over other therapeutic agents such as monoclonal antibodies, aptamers have recently emerged as a novel and powerful class of ligands with excellent potential for diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Typically generated through Systematic Evolution of Ligands by EXponential enrichment (SELEX), aptamers have been selected against a wide range of targets such as proteins, phospholipids, sugars, nucleic acids, as well as whole cells. DNA/RNA aptamers are single-stranded DNA/RNA oligonucleotides (with a molecular weight of 5-40 kDa) that can fold into well-defined 3D structures and bind to their target molecules with high affinity and specificity. A number of strategies have been adopted to synthesize aptamers with enhanced in vitro/in vivo stability, aiming at potential therapeutic/diagnostic applications in the clinic. In cardiovascular diseases, aptamers can be developed into therapeutic agents as anti-thrombotics, anti-coagulants, among others. This review focuses on aptamers that were selected against various molecular targets involved in cardiovascular diseases: von Willebrand factor (vWF), thrombin, factor IX, phospholamban, P-selectin, platelet-derived growth factor, integrin αvβ3, CXCL10, vasopressin, among others. With continued effort in the development of aptamer-based therapeutics, aptamers will find their niches in cardiovascular diseases and significantly impact clinical patient management.

Keywords: Aptamers, cardiovascular diseases, von Willebrand factor (vWF), thrombin, factor IX, DNA, RNA, peptide aptamer

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 27
Year: 2011
Page: [4169 - 4174]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/092986711797189673
Price: $65

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