The poor solubility and wettability of Candesartan cilexetil (CAN) leads to poor dissolution and hence, low bioavailability after oral administration. The aim of the present study was to improve the solubility and dissolution rate and hence the permeability of CAN by preparing solid dispersions/inclusion complexes. Solid dispersions were prepared using PEG 6000 [hydrophilic polymer] and Gelucire 50/13 [amphiphilic surfactant] by melt agglomeration (MA) and solvent evaporation (SE) methods in different drug-to-carrier ratios, while inclusion complexes were made with hydroxypropyl- β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) [complexing agent] by grinding and spray drying method. Saturation solubility method was used to evaluate the effect of various carriers on aqueous solubility of CAN. Based on the saturation solubility data, two drug-carrier combinations, PEG 6000 (MA 1:5) and HP-β-CD (1:1 M grinding) were selected as optimized formulations. FTIR, DSC, and XRD studies indicated no interaction of the drug with the carriers and provided valuable insight on the possible reasons for enhanced solubility. Dissolution studies showed an increase in drug dissolution of about 22 fold over the pure drug for PEG 6000 (MA 1:5) and 12 fold for HP-β-CD (1:1 M grinding). Ex-vivo permeability studies revealed that the formulation having the greatest dissolution also had the best absorption through the chick ileum. Capsules containing solid dispersion/ complex exhibited better dissolution profile than the marketed product. Thus, the solid dispersion/ inclusion complexation technique can be successfully used for enhancement of solubility and permeability of CAN.
Keywords: Candesartan cilexetil, solid dispersions, PEG-6000, hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin, solubility, permeability, Poloxamers, PEG 6000, self-microemulsifying systems, cosurfactants
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