Chronic cocaine administration leads to catecholamine reuptake inhibition which enhances reward and motivational behaviors. Ventral Tegmental Area dopaminergic (VTA DA) neuronal firing is associated with changes in reward predictive signals. Acute cocaine injections inhibit putative VTA DA cell firing in vertebrates. Parthenolide, a compound isolated from the feverfew plant (Tanacetum parthenium), has been shown to substantially inhibit cocaines locomotion effects in a planarian animal model (Pagan et al., 2008). Here we investigated the effects of parthenolide on the spontaneous firing activity of putative VTA DA neurons in anesthetized male rats (250-300g). Single-unit recordings were analyzed after intravenous (i.v.) parthenolide administration followed by 1mg/kg i.v. cocaine injection. Results showed that parthenolide at 0.125 mg/kg and 0.250mg/kg significantly blocked cocaines inhibitory effect on DA neuronal firing rate and bursting activity (p < 0.05, two way ANOVA). We propose that parthenolide might inhibit cocaines effects on VTA DA neurons via its interaction with a common binding site at monoamine transporters. It is suggested that parthenolide could have a potential use as an overdose antidote or therapeutic agent to cocaine intoxication.
Keywords: Cocaine, parthenolide, ventral tegmental, dopamine, firing activity, Fluoxetine, Catechol amine reuptake, DA Neurons, Cocaine Sensitzation, ACTH
Rights & PermissionsPrintExport