Host genetic factors are crucial risk determinants for many human cancers. In this framework, an interesting model is represented by prostate cancer (PC), which is featured by a complex pathophysiology with a strong genetic component. Multiple genes seem to influence PC risk and several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of candidate genes modifying PC susceptibility have been identified. It is noteworthy the potential association of common SNPs in pro-inflammatory genes with PC risk, since chronic inflammation is assumed to play a key role in prostate carcinogenesis. With the aim to identify candidate genes as an experimental basis to develop new strategies for both prevention and treatment of PC, we have investigated the potential role of common SNPs of a gene cluster (TLR4, TLR2, PTGS2 and 5-Lo), involved in innate and inflammatory response, in PC cases, age-matched controls and centenarians from Sicily. Six SNPs were genotyped and their association with PC risk determined. Statistical analysis evidenced a significant association of some pro-inflammatory gene SNPs with an increased risk of PC. Furthermore, significant differences were observed comparing the three groups in the combined presence of a “high responder” pro-inflammatory profile. Overall, the present results suggest the likely association of these SNPs and PC risk, clearly motivating the need of larger studies to confirm the role of these genes in PC development and/or progression.
Keywords: Prostate cancer (PC), inflammation, genetics, TLR4, TLR2, PTGS2, 5-LO, SNP
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