Liverworts-Potential Source of Medicinal Compounds

Author(s): Y. Asakawa

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 14 , Issue 29 , 2008

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Abstract:

The bryophytes contain the Marchantiophyta (liverworts), Bryophyta (mosses) and Anthocerotophyta (hornworts) among which the Marchantiophyta contain cellular oil body and they produce a number of terpenoids, aromatic compounds and acetogenins, several of which show interesting biological activity such as allergenic contact dermatitis, insecticide, insect antifeedant, cytotoxic, piscicidal, muscle relaxing, plant growth regulatory, anti-HIV, DNA polymerase β inhibitory, anti-obesity, neurotrophic, NO production inhibitory, antimicrobial and antifungal activities. The isolation and chemical structures of biologically active compounds and their total synthesis are reviewed.

Keywords: Marchantiophyta, liverwort, terpenoids, phenolics, aroma, bitterness, cytotoxicity, anti-obesity

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 29
Year: 2008
Page: [3067 - 3088]
Pages: 22
DOI: 10.2174/138161208786404272
Price: $65

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