Molecular targeted therapies have changed the landscape of cancer research. Agonistic monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) targeting TRAIL-death receptors (TRAIL-Rs) have been developed and currently used in clinical trials. Binding of such antibodies to TRAIL-R1 and TRAIL-R2 results in death inducing signalling complex (DISC) formation and induction of apoptosis, which represents a natural mechanism of cell growth control and an ideal target for drug development. These novel fully humanized compounds have been associated with conventional chemotherapy in the treatment of advanced solid malignancies, including different types of lymphoma. Here we outline the rationale and potential of a new molecular-based strategy combining agonistic anti-TRAIL-death receptor monoclonal antibodies plus the pioneer of the new biological frontiers of cancer therapy: rituximab.
Keywords: TRAIL, TRAIL receptors, anti-TRAIL-R agonistic antibodies, haematological malignancies, rituximab
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