Clinical Status of Anti-Cancer Agents Derived from Marine Sources

Author(s): Ram Singh, Mukul Sharma, Penny Joshi, Diwan S. Rawat

Journal Name: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents)

Volume 8 , Issue 6 , 2008

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The chemical, biological and ecological diversity of the marine ecosystem has contributed immensely in the discovery of extremely potent compounds that have shown potent activities in antitumor, analgesia, antiinflammatory, immunomodulation, allergy, anti-viral etc. The compounds of marine origin are diverse in structural class from simple linear peptides to complex macrocyclic polyethers. The recent advances in the sophisticated instruments for the isolation and characterization of marine natural products and development of high-throughput screening, have substantially increased the rate of discovery of various compounds of biomedical application. Didemnin was the first marine peptide that entered in human clinical trials in US for the treatment of cancer and other compounds such as dolastatin-10, soblidotin, didemnin B, ecteinascidin 743, girolline, aplidine, cryptophycins (also arenastatin A), bryostatin 1, ILX 651, kahalalide F, E7389, discodermolide, ES-285 (spisulosine), HTI-286 (hemiasterlin derivative), squalamine, KRN-7000, vitilevuamide, Laulimalide, Curacin A, diazonamide, peloruside A, eleutherobin, sarcodictyin, thiocoraline, salicylihalimides A, ascididemnin, CGX-1160, CGX-1007dictyodendrins, GTS-21 (aka DMBX), manoalide, IPL-576,092 (aka HMR-4011A) have entered in the clinical trials. This article summarize clinical status and synthetic advances of some of these compounds.

Keywords: Dolastatin-10, Ecteinascidin 743, Girolline, Bryostatin 1, Kahalalide F, Discodermolide, Squalamine, KRN-7000, Laulimalide, Thiocoraline

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Article Details

Year: 2008
Page: [603 - 617]
Pages: 15
DOI: 10.2174/187152008785133074
Price: $65

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