Adenosine, a widely distributed modulator, regulates many physiological functions through specific cell membrane G-protein-coupled receptors classified as A1, A2A, A2B and A3. An intense medicinal chemistry effort made over the last 20 years has led to a variety of selective adenosine receptor agonists and antagonists. In particular, the pyrazolo-triazolo-pyrimidine nucleus has been strongly investigated in the last years by our group. All the modifications performed and a tentative of structure-activity-relationship is reported. In fact, the combination of different substitutions at the N7, N8 and N5 positions afford compounds which showed good affinity and selectivity for the different adenosine receptor subtypes. The data herein summarized, permit to speculate on the use of this nucleus as possible template for the adenosine receptor subtypes.
Keywords: pyrazolo-triazolo-pyrimidine, adenosine receptor, adenosine antagonist, adenosine receptor subtype
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