(Research Papers) Accelerated Screening of Phage-Display Output with Alkaline Phosphatase Fusions

Author(s): Zhaozhong Han, Ece Karatan, Michael D Scholle, John McCafferty, Brian K Kay

Journal Name: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Accelerated Technologies for Biotechnology, Bioassays, Medicinal Chemistry and Natural Products Research

Volume 7 , Issue 1 , 2004

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Abstract:

When using multiple targets and libraries, selection of affinity reagents from phage-displayed libraries is a relatively time-consuming process. Herein, we describe an automation-amenable approach to accelerate the process by using alkaline phosphatase (AP) fusion proteins in place of the phage ELISA screening and subsequent confirmation steps with purified protein. After two or three rounds of affinity selection, the open reading frames that encode the affinity selected molecules (i.e., antibody fragments, engineered scaffold proteins, combinatorial peptides) are amplified from the phage or phagemid DNA molecules by PCR and cloned en masse by a Ligation Independent Cloning (LIC) method into a plasmid encoding a highly active variant of E. coli AP. This time-saving process identifies affinity reagents that work out of context of the phage and that can be used in various downstream enzyme linked binding assays. The utility of this approach was demonstrated by analyzing single-chain antibodies (scFvs), engineered fibronectin type III domains (FN3), and combinatorial peptides that were selected for binding to the Epsin Nterminal Homology (ENTH) domain of epsin 1, the c-Src SH3 domain, and the appendage domain of the gamma subunit of the clathrin adaptor complex, AP-1, respectively.

Keywords: alkaline phosphatase, ligation-independent cloning, enth domain, fn3 domain, gamma subunit of ap-1, sh3 domain

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Article Details

VOLUME: 7
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2004
Page: [55 - 62]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/138620704772884823

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