Using IMAP Technology to Identify Kinase Inhibitors: Comparison with a Substrate Depletion Approach and Analysis of the Nature of False Positives

Author(s): P. Singh, B. Lillywhite, C. Bannaghan, P. Broad

Journal Name: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Accelerated Technologies for Biotechnology, Bioassays, Medicinal Chemistry and Natural Products Research

Volume 8 , Issue 4 , 2005

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Abstract:

IMAP® is a fluorescence polarisation-based assay method which can be applied to the measurement of protein kinase activity. Using a model serine/threonine kinase we found that IMAP generated a good assay window (Z > 0.8), was very tolerant of DMSO, and was flexible with respect to sample processing (stopped reactions were stable over a period of several days). Using a set of six low molecular weight inhibitors of the kinase, we found a good correlation between IMAP and scintillation proximity assay (SPA) potency data. IMAP, which measures product accumulation, was compared in an HTS setting with a substrate depletion method (luminescence-based measurement of ATP concentration). There was a reasonable (∼50%) overlap in primary hits from a 17,000 compound set, but more apparent false positives were generated from the IMAP method. We followed up the compounds that showed activity in the IMAP method but not in the luminescence assay. Approximately 10% of these compounds displayed intrinsic fluorescence, suggesting that they were false actives by virtue of intrinsic spectroscopic properties. Compound activity by competition of phosphopeptide binding to IMAP beads can occur with high concentrations of chelating compounds, but did not occur with any of the false actives, suggesting that this form of interference is rare.

Keywords: protein kinase, kinase assay, fluorescence polarisation, high throughput screening

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Article Details

VOLUME: 8
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2005
Page: [319 - 325]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1386207054020769
Price: $65

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