Anticonvulsant and neuroprotective effects of agonist and antagonist of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) have been known for more than 10 years from multiple studies. However, it is not certain whether these candidate drugs are also antiepileptic and antiepileptogenic, as few studies included the chronic stages to determine whether spontaneous recurrent seizures could be prevented or stopped. Even in the acute stage, differences in experimental design such as timing and route of administration of candidate drugs, age, species and strain of experimental animal and experimental model make it difficult to determine the anticonvulsant and neuroprotective effects of each candidate drug. This paper, reviews in vivo neuropharmacological studies on agonsists and antagonists of mGluRs in different seizure and epilepsy models in last more than ten years. By combining with our neuropharmacological studies on the effect of mGluR agonists and antagonists in the mouse pilocarpine model of temporal lobe epilepsy, an ideal model for future development of mGluR agonists and antagonists as antiepileptogenic drugs will be proposed.
Keywords: Ionotropic glutamate receptors, epileptogenesis, kindling, seizures, epilepsy, pilocarpine model, status epilepticus
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