QT Prolongation and Safety in the Indian Population

Author(s): Jayesh Dabhi, Anita Mehta

Journal Name: Current Drug Safety

Volume 2 , Issue 3 , 2007

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The QT interval in electrocardiogram (ECG) reflects the total duration of ventricular myocardial depolarization and repolarization. It has been well recognized that many condition may cause QT interval prolongation. Unfortunately, numbers of cardiac and non-cardiac drug prolong the QT interval and cause a distinctive polymorphic ventricular tachycardia termed torsade de pointes (TdP). TdP can degenerate into ventricular fibrillation, which leads to sudden cardiac death. Recently various regulatory and clinical bodies of Europe, USA, Canada and Australia have made their focus on the drugs that induce prolongation of QT interval. Committee for Proprietary Medicinal Products (CPMP) of the European Agency issued a document entitled ‘Points to Consider: The assessment of the potential for QT interval prolongation by non-cardiovascular medicinal products’ [1, 2]. In addition, USFDA adopted the guideline ‘Clinical evaluation of QT/QTc interval prolongation and proarrhythmic potential for non-anti arrhythmic drugs’ [3]. These documents and guidelines are primarily concern with development of novel agents and the new use or new dose of already approved drugs. The scope of this guideline is to study the effect of drugs on QT prolongation and give idea of evaluation of drugs effects on QT prolongation. Today more than 50 available drugs (both old and new) have been identify, which prolong the QT interval [1]. Several drugs have been withdrawn from many countries on this basis but many of these drugs are still available in Indian market and potentially creating life-threatening arrhythmias. This article will focus on recommendation of study on the normal limits of QT interval in Indian population and preparation of the database, which can be helpful in withdrawal of drugs from the market that produces QT prolongation.

Keywords: QT interval, Torsade de Pointes (Tdp)

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Article Details

Year: 2007
Page: [200 - 203]
Pages: 4
DOI: 10.2174/157488607781668873
Price: $65

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