Targeting Beta-Amyloid Pathogenesis Through Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors

Author(s): Ana Castro, Ana Martinez

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 12 , Issue 33 , 2006

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Although the hallmarks of neurodegeneration in Alzheimers brains are well known, one of the current difficulties is related to the lack of solid evidence about the ultimate factors that give rise to the pathogenesis of this disease, creating a great challenge for the definition of efficient treatments for Alzheimers disease (AD). Current therapeutic option for AD patients is the use of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors, which gives only a symptomatic relief. However, recent studies show a long-lasting effect in a certain percentage of patients. In fact, there is accumulating evidence that an AChE has secondary non-cholinergic functions including the processing and deposition of β-amyloid (Aβ). AChE could play a role in the Aβ metabolism and during an early step in the development of the senile plaque, as revealed by the finding that AChE accelerates Ab deposition. Considering the non-classical AChE functions, their relationships with AD hallmarks, and the putative role of peripheral anionic site in all these functions, the dual binding site AChE inhibitors may acquire importance for AD treatment. On the other hand, the interference of AChE inhibitors with Aβ processing is not a general rule for this class of compounds with the involvement of other features such as chemical structure and/or genetic regulation. This review highlights the collection of several compounds with an outstanding profile against AChE-induced amyloid aggregation and potent AChE inhibitory activity, indicating the possibility of targeting Ab through the inhibition of AChE and reveals the emergence of a new generation of AChE inhibitors aiming to be excellent candidate drugs for the future cure of Alzheimers disease.

Keywords: Beta-amyloid aggregation, dual binding site acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, peripheral site

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Article Details

Year: 2006
Page: [4377 - 4387]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/138161206778792985
Price: $65

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